Inflammatory bowel diseases.2018 Jan 4.
Assessing the Optimal Position for Vedolizumab in the Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis: A Simulation Model.
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Vedolizumab, an α4β7 integrin monoclonal antibody inhibiting gut lymphocyte trafficking, is an effective treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC). We evaluated the optimal position of vedolizumab in the UC treatment paradigm.
Using Markov modeling, we assessed multiple algorithms for the treatment of UC. The base case was a 35-year-old male with steroid-dependent moderately to severely active UC without previous immunomodulator or biologic use. The model included 4 different algorithms over 1 year, with vedolizumab use prior to: initiating azathioprine (Algorithm 1), combination therapy with infliximab and azathioprine (Algorithm 2), combination therapy with an alternative anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) and azathioprine (Algorithm 3), and colectomy (Algorithm 4). Transition probabilities and quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) estimates were derived from the published literature. Primary analyses included simulating 100 trials of 100,000 individuals, assessing clinical outcomes, and QALYs. Sensitivity analyses employed longer time horizons and ranges for all variables.
Algorithm 1 (vedolizumab use prior to all other therapies) was the preferred strategy, resulting in 8981 additional individuals in remission, 18 fewer cases of lymphoma, and 1087 fewer serious infections per 100,000 patients compared with last-line use (A4). Algorithm 1 also resulted in 0.0197 to 0.0205 more QALYs compared with other algorithms. This benefit increased with longer time horizons. Algorithm 1 was preferred in all sensitivity analyses.
The model suggests that treatment algorithms positioning vedolizumab prior to other therapies should be considered for individuals with moderately to severely active steroid-dependent UC. Further prospective research is needed to confirm these simulated results.